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Why Would Someone Need a Tooth Extraction?
Tooth extraction is often required for several reasons, but the primary deciding factor is that the teeth can no longer fit to stay in that position. Everyone grows permanent teeth throughout life.
Reasons for a tooth extraction
Although permanent teeth are built to survive a lifetime, they may need to be removed due to the following reasons:
Severe tooth decay
Once tooth decay reaches the core of the tooth containing the pulp, the bacteria in the decay can affect the pulp and cause an infection. If this happens, a root canal procedure can help get rid of the infected tooth material. However, if the infection is severe, the tooth may need to be removed to stop the infection from spreading.
A solution for gum disease
Periodontal disease is an infection that affects the gums, gum tissues, alveolar bone and all of the supporting structures of the teeth. The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis, which is simply gum infection. The advanced stage called periodontitis affects gum ligaments and alveolar bone.
Gum disease is caused by bacterial plaque on the teeth and gum line. Normal brushing and brushing can clean them off, but once they harden into tartar, only a dental hygienist can eliminate them. Sometimes gum disease may cause a tooth to loosen in its socket. If this occurs, removing the tooth may be a necessary part of treatment. Usually, the dentist will attempt to treat the disease first before suggesting a tooth extraction.
Impaction means the tooth is blocked from erupting from the gums. This is common with wisdom teeth. The dentist may suggest extracting the tooth to prevent damages to existing teeth. It will also help to reduce the risk of infection and overcrowding. Before suggesting tooth extraction, a thorough dental examination will be conducted. An x-ray scan may help reveal the impacted tooth and its location – this will guide the dental expert for the process.
To solve overcrowding
Extracting one or more teeth may be vital for preventing teeth overcrowding in the mouth. It is also advisable for patients who are about to commence orthodontic treatment. A tooth extraction will create space on the jaw for other teeth to move and realign. An orthodontist will examine the crowded teeth to determine which tooth to remove for better alignment.
If an accident occurs and the patient suffers trauma to the teeth, the first option is to save the tooth, usually with crowns, bonding, or veneers. The dentist will offer you dental crowns to protect a broken tooth and avert tooth loss. Crowns are also used to treat chipped, fractured, or stained teeth. However, if the tooth suffers severe damages, tooth extraction may be necessary.
The dentist can suggest a tooth extraction for any of the reasons listed above. Depending on the condition of the tooth, the extraction can be simple (for teeth visible above the gums) or surgical (if the tooth is embedded in the jaw). Either way, you need to consult your dentist to understand why you may require tooth extraction.
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